Готуємося до олімпіади

Завдання I етапу Всеукраїнської олімпіади з англійської  мови
In this test you will select from three writing tasks. Choose the one that you feel you are most capable to write about. You will then begin writing your essay on the pages pro­vided. When you are finished close your papers, lay down your pen and wait for us to collect your test materials
For 8th Form Students
1.     Television and computer games will soon lead to disappearing of books.
2.     People don't need sport to live happily.
3.     There is no ideal school in the world.
For 9th Form Students
1. Food is a very important part of our lives as we must eat to live, but not live to eat. What is your favourite dish and how is it made? Tell about the process of preparing the dish. What are the ingredients and where do you buythem? Why do you love this dish so much? Does it mean something special to you?
Mobile phones have become more and more popu­lar around the world. In some countries, people depend on mobile phones to do their daily jobs or to keep in contact with other people. But what would the world be like with­out mobile phones? Have mobile phones truly improved the quality of life of those who use them?
You have been called upon to create a new national holiday for Ukraine. What person or event do you choose to honour, and why? When would you have the holiday, and how would this affect the celebration? What traditions will be associated with this holiday? Why will this holiday appeal to citizens around the country?
For 10th Form Students
1. If you were the president of the country what country would you choose to rule? Why? What would you do to make the life of your people better?
It is often said that “the world is getting smaller. How has the technology made the world smaller? What most influential inventions have made us think so? What are the advantages and disadvantages to live in a more connected world?
Reading fiction (such as novels and short stories) is more enjoyable than watching movies. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
For 11th Form Students
1. Many years ago, pupils graduating secondary schools were expected to know the basics of Latin, Greek and French. Yet today, many students leave school without knowing the basics of one foreign language.
•       Which system of education do you prefer, the old or current?
•       Is it important to learn a foreign language in school? Why?
•       How could learning Latin, ancient Greek or other dead languages, help you in life?
2. What roles do our friends play in our life? Do they have positive or negative influences? What do you look for in a friend?
3. What do you believe to be the greatest problem in today’s society? Explain why you consider it to be so bad. How would you propose to do away with this problem?
Завдання I етапу Всеукраїнської олімпіади з англійської  мови
8 клас
History Jokes
His name was Fleming, and he was a poor Scottish farmer. One day, whiletrying to make a living for his family, he heard a cry for help coming from a nearby boy. He dropped his tools and ran to the boy. There, mired to his waist in black muck, was a terrified boy, screaming and struggling to free himself. Farmer Flem­ing saved the boy from what could have been a slow and terrifying death.
The next day, a fancy carriage pulled up to the Scotsman's place. An elegantly dressed nobleman stepped out and introduced himself as the father of the boy farmer Fleming had saved.
"I want to repay you", said the nobleman. "You saved my son's life". "No,I can't accept payment for what I did", the Scottish farmer replied, waving off the offer. At that moment, the farmer's own son came to the door of the family hovel. "Is that your son?" the nobleman asked. "Yes", the farmer replied proudly. "I'll make you a deal. Let me take him and give him a good education. If the fellow is anything like his father, he'll grow to a man you can be proud of.
And that he did. In time, farmer Fleming's son graduated from St. Mary's Hospital Medical School in London, and went on to become known throughout the world as the noted Sir Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of Penicillin.
Years afterward, the nobleman's son was close to death from pneumonia.What saved him?
 Penicillin. The name of the nobleman? Lord Randolph Churchill. His son's name?
Sir Winston Churchill
'Task 1. For each of the questions 1-10 decide which of the statements are true or false
1.     The text mainly tells about ordinary events in history.     '
2.     At the beginning of the story, the farmer was bathing in a river.
3.     There must have been an accident with a little boy.
4.     The action takes place nowadays.
5.     The farmer's children were all girls.
6.     The little boy's father wanted to give the farmer a sum of money.
7.     The farmer seemed to know the importance of knowledge.
8.     The nobleman's prediction did not come true.
9.     The boy glorified his family name.
10. Sometimes wonderful coincidences happen in life.
Task 2. For each of the questions 11 —20 decide which of the answers (a, b, c or d) best complete the statements
11.  It may be inferred from the text that the Fleming family lived:
a)   in the south of Great Britain;      b)   in the north of Great Britain;
c)   in the centre of Great Britain;     d)   outside Great Britain.
12. The farmer must have been:
a)   kind and wealthy;                       b)   noble and proud;
c)   hardly able to make ends meet;  d)   idle and suspicious.
13. One can make a conclusion that the saved boy's father was:
a)   a successful farmer;                   b)   a good hunter;
c)   an aristocrat;                               d)   a beggar.'
14. The farmer's son must have been:
a)   worth pride;                                b)   a wonder kid;
c)   a nobleman;                               d)   from Ireland.
15. The nobleman's offer was:
a)   rather stupid;      .                       b)  just and generous;                 
c)   not worth considering;                d)   never accepted.
16. After receiving his education, young Fleming was supposed to:
a)   work with customers;                 b)   sell medicines;
c)   look for criminals;                      d)   treat patients.
17. Alexander Fleming discovered: a)  a penny ceiling; b) a pan sealing; c) penicillin; d) pennies while pealing.
18.     Fleming's discovery made him:
a)   cruel and dangerous;                  b)   famous worldwide;
c)   thrilling and exciting;                  d)   quite boring.
19. The word "sir" before Fleming's name may mean that he:
a)            became as noble as Churchill;
b)           came from Syracuse;
c)            performed in a circle;
d)           was a sergeant in the British Army.
20. One can infer from the text that:  
a)            the Flemings and the Churchills were close friends;
b)           Alexander Fleming may not necessarily have seen Winston Churchill after the childhood accident;
c)            Winston Churchill almost died from the medicines given by Fleming;
d)           Alexander Fleming was Winston Churchill's personal doctor
TEXT  1.                                                                                                                                                           VIII FORM
Elizabeth  Blackwell  was  born in  England  in  1821, and emigrated  to  New  York  City  when she  was  ten. One  day  she  decided  that  she  wanted  to  become  a  doctor. That  was  nearly  impossible  for  a  woman  in  the  middle  of  the  19th century. After  writing  many  letters  asking  for  admission  to medical  schools, she  was finally  accepted  by  a doctor  in  Philadelphia.
In 1849, after  graduating  from  medical  school, she  decided  to  continue  her  education   in  Paris. She  wanted  to  be  a  surgeon, but  a  serious  eye  infection crashed  her  plans.
Returning  to  the  USA  she  found  it  difficult  to  start  her  own  practice  because  she  was  a  woman. By  1857  Elizabeth  and  her  sister, also  a doctor, along  with  another  female  doctor, could  open  a  new hospital, the  first  for  women  and children. Besides  being  the  first  female  physician  and  founding  her  own  hospital, she  also  founded  the  first  medical  school  for  women.
1.       Where  had  Elizabeth  lived  till  she  was  ten?
A)      in New  York  B) in  England  C) in  Philadelphia  D) in  Paris
2.       What  did she  do  in  Philadelphia?
A)     she worked as a doctor  B) she  studied at a medical school
    C)  she wrote letters   D) she taught medicine  at  school
3.       What  country  did  she  continue  her  education?
A) in  England  B)  in  the  USA  C)  in  France  D) on  the  Philippines 
4.       Why  couldn’t  she  become  a  surgeon?
A) she couldn’t get to medical school  B) she decided to continue her education in Paris
C) because of a serious eye infection  D) it was difficult for her to start practice
5.       What  was  the  main  problem  for  her  as  a  doctor?
A) she was a woman  B) she  wrote  too  many  letters
C) she  couldn’t  graduate  from  medical  school  D) she couldn’t open her hospital
Text 2.
Once  there  were  four  children  whose  names  were  Peter, Susan, Edmund  and  Lucy. This  story  is  about  something  that  happened  to  them  when  they  were  sent  away from  London  during  the  war  because  of  the air  raids. They  were  sent  to  the  house  of  an  old  Professor  who  lived  in  the  heart  of  the  country, ten  miles  from  the  nearest  railway  station  and  two  miles  from  the  nearest  post  office. He  had  no  wife  and  he  lived  in  a  very  large  house  with  a  housekeeper  called  Mrs. Macready  and  three  servants. He  himself  was  a  very  old  man  with  shaggy  white  hair  which  grew  over  most  of  his  face  as  well  as  on  his  head, and  they  liked  him  almost  at  once; but  on  the  first  evening    when  he  came  out  to  meet  them  at  the  front  door  he  was  so  odd-looking  that  Lucy ( who  was  the  youngest )  was  a  little  afraid  of  him, and  Edmund ( who  was  the  next  youngest )  wanted  to  laugh  and  had  to  keep  on  pretending  he  was  blowing  his  nose  to  hide  it.
  1. The  four  children  went  to  live  in  a  house  in  the  country.
  2. The  Professor  was  very  old  with  brown  hair.
  3. Lucy  was  the  youngest  child.
  4. The  Professor  lived  two  miles  from  the  nearest  post  office.
  5. The  names  of  the  four  children  are  Peter, Susan, Edmund, and  Betty.
  6. This  story  is  about  four  children’s  trip  to  Paris.
Halloween  was  first  celebrated  many  centuries  ago  in  Ireland  and  Scotland  by  Celtic  priests  called  Druids. They  observed  the  end  of  autumn  and  the  beginning  of  winter. The  Druids  thought  that  Halloween  was  the  night  when  the  witches  came  out. As  they  were  afraid  of  witches  they  put  food  and  small  gifts  near  the  doors  of  their  houses  for  the  witches.
It  is  considered  that  Halloween  was  brought  to  America  by  the  immigrants  from  Ireland  and  Scotland. In  the  19th century  they  celebrated  Halloween  according  to  their  old  traditions  (the  integral  part  of  the  festival  was  a  lantern  made  of  a  pumpkin  with  holes  in  the  forms  of  eyes, and nose  and  a  mouth). Nowadays  people  hold  parades  on  Halloween. On  the  31st  of October  they  dress  as  witches, demons, ghosts and  the  like, with  large ‘pumpkins’  in  their  hands, take  part  in the festival that  lasts  till  early  morning.
1. Halloween  was  first  celebrated  A) in the 19th century   B)  many  years  ago
                                                              C) many  centuries  ago  D) two  centuries  ago
2. It  was  first  celebrated  A) at  the  end  of  autumn  B)  at  the  end  of  winter
                                              C) in  the  middle  of  autumn  D)  in the  middle  of  winter
3. The  Druids  placed  small  gifts  for  A) children B) witches C) neighbours  D) guests
4. Halloween  was  brought  A) to  Ireland  from  Scotland  B) to  Scotland  from  America
                                                C) to  America  from  Ireland  D)  to  Ireland  from America
5. In  the 19th  c.  Americans  A)  didn’t  celebrate  Halloween  B) didn’t have  Halloween 
    C) celebrated  according to the  new rules  D) celebrated  according to the old customs
6. The integral  of  the  festival  was  A) a  lantern  made  of  cabbage  B) a  melon  with  holes
C)      a  cabbage  with  holes  D)  a  lantern  made  of  pumpkin.
   7. On  the  31st  of  October  people  are  dressed  as  A) good  spirits  B) pumpkins
                                                                                            C) evil  spirits  D) animals
9 клас                        LISTENING COMPREHENSION TEST
The Internet, a computer-based worldwide information network, is composed of a large number of smaller interconnected networks called internets. These in­ternets may connect tens, hundreds, or thousands of computers, enabling them to share information with each other and to share various resources, such as powerful supercomputers and databases of information. The Internet has made it possible for people all over the .world to effectively and inexpensively communicate with each other. Unlike traditional broadcasting media, such as radio and television, the Internet is a decentralized system. Each connected individual can commu­nicate with anyone else on the Internet, can publish ideas, and can sell products with a minimum overhead cost. In the future, the Internet may have a dramaticimpact on higher education and business as more universities offer courses andmore companies offer goods and services online.
The internets from which the Internet is composed are usually public access networks, meaning that the resources of the network can be shared with anyone accessing the network. Other types of internets, called intranets, are closed to public use. Intranets are the most common type of computer network used in companies and organizations where it is important to restrict access to the infor­mation contained on the network.
During the 1990s the Internet has grown tremendously in the number of people using it and the amount of information contained on it. According to the Internet Society, a non-profit society that studies and promotes the use of the Internet, 134 countries had full Internet connection and an additional 52countries had limited access (for example, e-mail only) in 1996. Surveys performed by International Data Corporation and Matrix Information and Directory Services found that as of Sep­tember 1997 there were between 53 and57 million users of the Internet worldwide.
Task 1. For each of the questions 1-10 decide which of the statements are true or false
1.    The main function of the Internet is information exchange.
2.    The Internet is made of supercomputers.
3.    You should be quite well off to use the Internet efficiently.
4.    The Internet has a strong central authority.
5.    There may be a great change in higher education soon.
6. The only thing you need to get on the Internet is a computer with the Internet  access..
7. You can easily find what you need on the intranet.
8.     There has been an Internet boom in the recent decade,
9.     More countries in the world have only limited Internet access.
10. It is rather difficult to count the number of Internet users in the world.
Task 2. For each of the questions 11-20 decide which of the answers (a1, b, c or d) best complete the statements
11.  The Internet is most likely to be associated with:
  a)   an ad work;  b)  a Ned work;    c)   a neat work;         d) a network.
   12. The computers in the Internet are:
a)   connected to each other;    b) standing oh each other;  c)looking for each other;   ,     d)not needed at all.
13. One can make a conclusion that:
a)            corresponding with a distant friend is much easier now;
b)           there, are fewer powerful computers now than before;
c)             it is difficult to afford using the Internet
d)    you need to be an expert to use the Internet.       
e)     14.  It can be inferred from the text that:
a)   it is more difficult to post an advertisement on the radio than on the Internet; 
b) it is more expensive to use the Internet for selling goods;
c)   using the Internet for educational purposes is not considered;
d)   some universities offer complete Internet training:
15. Where from is it least possible for general public to connect to the Internet?
a)   From home;                                  b)   from a public library;
c)   from a private company:            d)   from an Internet cafe.
16. Internets and intranets differ in:
a)   the cost of use;                                 b)   accessibility;
c)   the number of supercomputers;          d)   the way of connecting computers together.
17.  Companies create intranets to:
a)   protect the environment;            b)   prevent misuse of important data;
c)   restrict working areas;                       d)   predict the future.
18.  It maybe inferred from the text that the Internet Society:
a)   has the aim of earning money;                                                   b)   does a database research;
c)   wants more people in the world to use the Internet;                          d)   died out-in the 1990s.
19. The researches mentioned in the text:
a)   were carried out at the same time;                                                    b)  could not be trusted;
c)   promoted using e-mail;                                                                  d)   were done independently on each other.
20. One can infer from the text that because of the Internet:
a)   more information is now used by fewer people;                                   b)less information is available;
c) there's recently been a great increase in the information exchange;         d) about 57 million people will never use the
FORM 9                                              READING
Reading. Text  1.(  from  If  I  Were  Seventeen  Again  by  Jesse  Stuart )
Glossary:  hay – сіно, парк ; new-mown – свіжоскошений; restock – поповнювати  запаси
If  I  were seventeen  again, I  would want  to  live  on  a  Kentucky  hill  farm. I  would want  to  grow  up  and  live  where there are  trees, meadows, and streams. If  I couldn’t  live  on  a  large  farm, a  few  acres  would  do. But  I  would want  space  to  hunt  over, and  a  stream  or  lake  nearby  where  I  could  fish. I  would  want  to  mow  the  meadows  with  a  span  of  horses  or  mules, and  haul  the  hay  to  the  barn  on  a hay  wagon. I  believe  the  boy  or  girl  who  hasn’t  ridden  on  a  hay  wagon  has  missed  something  in  his  youth. If he  hasn’t  smelled  new-mown  clover, he  has missed  the  finest  wind  a  youth  ever  breathed.
In  the  spring  of  the  year, If  I  were  seventeen  again, I’d  want  to  take  long  walks  into  the  woods. I’d  want to  get  acquainted  with  all  kinds  of  birds, how they  build their  nests  and  the  kind  of  materials  they  use, what  color  and size  eggs   they  lay-from  the  hoot  owl  to  the  chicken  hawk  and  sparrow – and  how  and what they  feed  their young. I’d  want  to  know  all  about  the animals. I  would want  to  know  and  I  would  find  out  what  they  ate, where they  lived, what  animals  were  friendly  with  each  other  and  which  were  enemies. This  is  a  world  every  teenage   boy  should know. I’ve  never  seen  one  yet  who  didn’t  love  the  animal  world. And  I  would  protect  each  nondestructive  animal, each  nondestructive  bird. I  would  want  to  know  the  hunting  laws, abide by them, and help  restock  and  protect  game  so  it  would  be here  for  the  next  seventeen-year-old  when  he  came  along.
State  true  or false  sentences:
1. The person  telling  the  story  wants  to  know  how  birds  build  their  nests, how  they walk, and  how  they  steal  eggs.
2. The  person  telling  the  story  wants  to  hunt  every  animal  to  make  sure  that  there  are  no  animals  left  over  for  the  next  teenager.
3. The  person  telling  the  story  wants  to  know  how  the  animals  communicate, migrate, and  where  they  live.
4. The  person  telling  the  story  dreams  about  being  seventeen  again.
5. The  person  telling  the  story  wants  to  walk  in  mountains, valleys  and  forests  in  spring.
6. He  wants  to  live  on  a  farm  in  Kentucky.
7. He  wants to  keep  all  the  destructive  animals  safe.
8. He  wants  to  be  able  to  fish  and  rock  climb  in  nature.
9. The  person  telling  the  story  wants  to  know  the  color  and  size  of  sparrow  eggs.
10. Every  boy should  know  about  the  animal  world.
Reading. Text 2.
As  far back  as  700  B.C., man  has  talked  about  children being  cared  for  by  wolves. Romulus  and  Remus, the  legendary  twin  founders  of  Rome, were  purported  to  have  been  cared  for  by  wolves. It  is  believed  that  when  a  she-wolf  loses  her  litter, she  seeks  a  human  child  to  take  its  place.
This  seemingly  preposterous  idea  did  not become  credible  until  the  late  19th  century  when  a  French  doctor  actually  found  a  naked  ten-year-old  boy  wandering  in  the  woods. He  did  not  walk  erect, could  not  speak  intelligibly, nor  could  he  relate  to  people. He  only  growled  and  stared  at  them. Finally  the  doctor  won  the  boy’s  confidence  and  began  to  work  with  him. After  many  long  years  of  devoted  and  patient  instruction, the  doctor  was able  to  get  the  boy  to  clothe  and  feed  himself, recognize  and  utter  a  number  of words, as well as  write letters  and  form  words.
Choose  the  correct  variant :
1. The  French  doctor  found  the  boy    A) wandering  in  the  woods       B) at  his  doorstep            C) growling at  him        D) speaking  intelligibly
2. In this  text  the  word  litter  most  nearly  means  A) garbage  B) master  C) offspring  D) hair
3. The  doctor  was  able  to  work  with  the  boy  because    A) the  boy  was  highly  intelligible
    B) the  boy  trusted  him    C) the  boy  liked  to  dress  up  D) the  boy  was dedicated  and  patient
4. Which  of the  following  statements  is  not  true ?
A)      She-wolves  have been  said  to  substitute  human  children  for  their  lost  litters.
B)      Examples  of  wolves’  caring  for  human  children  can  be  found  only  in  the  19th  century.
C)      The  French  doctor  succeeded  in  domesticating  the  boy  somewhat.
D)      The  young  boy  never  was  able  to  speak  perfectly.
Do  you  want  to  be  slim? Do  you  worry  about  your  family’s  health?
Then  you  should  try  Fruitibix, the  new  healthy  nut  and  fruit  biscuit.Fruitibix  tastes  wonderful, but  it  has less  sugar  than  most  other  biscuits. Each  biscuit  consists  of  dried  fruit  and  nuts, including  apples, coconut  and  banana. Sometimes  you  feel  hungry  between  meals. Now, instead  of  having  a  chocolate  bar, take  a  Fruitibix. It won’t  make  you  fat  and  it  will  keep  you  healthy.
At  lunchtime, instead  of  chips  and  hamburgers, have  a  Fruitibix. It  has  all  the  main  foods  for a  balanced  meal. And if  you  are  in  a hurry, and  you don’t  have  time  for  a  proper  meal, Fruitibix  will give  you  the  energy  to  keep  on  going. So  whenever  your  children  ask  for  something  sweet, give  them  Fruitibix  instead  of  cakes  or chocolate. They  will  love  the  taste  and  it  won’t  harm  their  teeth.
Discover  Fruitibix. It’s on  your  supermarket  shelves  now.
1. It  is  from  A) a letter  B) a  magazine article  C) a  student’s  notebook  D) an advertisement 
2. The  main  aim  is  to  A) make  people  buy  this  product  B) compare it with other food
    C) explain  why  people  use  this  product  D) give  advice  about healthy  living
3. Why  should  people   eat  Fruitibix  instead  of  chocolate? A) Fruitibix  tastes  better
    B) Fruitibix  has  more  fat  C) Fruitibix  is  cheaper  D) Fruitibix  is  healthier
4. Why  is  Fruitibix  useful  when  you  are  in  a  hurry? A) you  don’t  need  to  cook  it
    B) You  can  buy  Fruitibix  everywhere  C) it  is  as  good  as  a  proper  meal D)it  won’t  be harmful  to  your  teeth
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